The Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) Database Project

Extension of the African Human Rights Case Law Analyzer

The SGBV database aims to provide a free-to-access online analytical resource of legal materials specifically dealing with SGBV and contribute to existing efforts in curbing SGBV by promoting the accessibility, usage and effectiveness of legal materials and structures for accessing remedies where they exist.

Development of the Database

This database began with three countries (Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda and Kenya) that were selected as pilot countries because they either were in conflict situation, or had just emerged from conflict, which creates a propitious atmosphere for crimes and violence, especially SGBV. Since the launching of the database in 2015, we have succeeded in adding resources from more countries, and aim to cover all countries on the continent, with as much resources as possible.

COUNTRY (#) LEGISLATION (#) CASES (#)
  • 125
    Sudan
  • 48
    Mali
  • 45
    Burkina Faso
  • 41
    Gambia
  • 37
    Senegal
  • 35
    Rwanda
  • 29
    Kenya
  • 28
    Côte d'Ivoire
  • 23
    Uganda
  • 22
    Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
  • 21
    South Africa
  • 16
    Cameroon
  • 9
    Malawi
  • 2
    Nigeria
  • 21
    Kenya
  • 21
    Sudan
  • 16
    Mali
  • 16
    Uganda
  • 9
    Gambia
  • 8
    Burkina Faso
  • 7
    Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
  • 6
    Côte d'Ivoire
  • 3
    Senegal

Most common type of cases

  • 239
    Defilement (Rape of children)
  • 160
    Rape
  • 46
    Sexual offences
  • 44
    Physical assault
  • 39
    Abduction
  • 37
    Compensation
  • 37
    Indecent/immoral acts
  • 36
    Sexual assault
  • 34
    Child abuse
  • 34
    Evidence
  • 33
    Family
  • 30
    Attempted rape
  • 28
    Child/Teenage pregnancy
  • 28
    Sexual harassment
  • 27
    Divorce
  • 22
    Children of tender age (i.e. under age of 10 years)
  • 22
    Domestic violence
  • 20
    Unwanted pregnancy following rape
  • 19
    Alimony / Maintenance
  • 19
    Murder
  • 18
    Gang rape
  • 18
    Property, right to
  • 17
    Child custody
  • 17
    Child support
  • 17
    Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • 13
    Consent
  • 13
    Medical evidence
  • 12
    Child offenders
  • 12
    Incest
  • 12
    Right to dignity
  • 10
    Spouses
  • 9
    Children in conflict with the law
  • 9
    Defamation
  • 9
    Sodomy
  • 8
    Fornication / Adultery
  • 7
    HIV/AIDS
  • 6
    Arrest
  • 6
    Child marriage / forced marriage
  • 6
    Prostitution
  • 6
    Victims
  • 6
    Women – equal treatment and opportunities
  • 5
    Abortion
  • 5
    Child care
  • 5
    Customary practices
  • 5
    Life, right to
  • 5
    Parents
  • 5
    Police
  • 5
    Right to privacy
  • 5
    Robbery
  • 5
    Succession
  • 5
    Trafficking for sexual exploitation
  • 4
    Best interests of the Child
  • 4
    Courts
  • 4
    Juvenile delinquency
  • 4
    Sentences
  • 4
    Sexually transmitted diseases
  • 4
    Trials
  • 3
    Corporal punishment
  • 3
    Detention
  • 3
    Discrimination
  • 3
    Forced prostitution
  • 3
    Marriage – equal rights
  • 3
    Miscarriage
  • 3
    Parental responsibility
  • 3
    Torture
  • 3
    Trafficking of children
  • 2
    Abortion following unwanted pregnancy
  • 2
    Child prostitution
  • 2
    Cohabitation with minor
  • 2
    Complaints
  • 2
    Custody
  • 2
    Forced nudity
  • 2
    Kidnapping
  • 2
    Legal protection
  • 2
    LGBTI persons
  • 2
    Life Imprisonment
  • 2
    Marriage based on free consent of the parties
  • 2
    Pornography
  • 2
    Prisons
  • 2
    Relatives
  • 2
    Sexual orientation and gender identity
  • 1
    Armed forces
  • 1
    Children of tender age - under age of 10 years
  • 1
    Children's Court
  • 1
    Death penalty
  • 1
    Death Threats
  • 1
    Deprivation of marital rights (Sexual intercourse)
  • 1
    Discipline within public institutions
  • 1
    Education
  • 1
    Female genital mutilation
  • 1
    Freedom and security of the person, right to
  • 1
    Health
  • 1
    Human rights
  • 1
    Human Trafficking
  • 1
    Investigation
  • 1
    Patriarchal norms and practices
  • 1
    Persons with disability
  • 1
    Public disturbance
  • 1
    Public institutions
  • 1
    Right to fair trial
  • 1
    Sexual slavery

Functions of the SGBV Database

The online database will serve to publicize and increase the accessibility and usage of available legal frameworks by victims of SGBV to secure remedies.

It identifies and puts together in various African Union languages relevant international instruments and domestic legislations and case law on SGBV.

It highlights primary case law so the uninitiated user easily finds relevant information.

Searches have been filtered to various facets such as country, type of decision and a wide range of keywords to simply the search.

It allows researchers/users to simultaneously read a decision and the text of national and international instruments cited in it by providing clickable links in the texts.

Recently Added Documents

Case of Attempted Rape on a Vulnerable Person & Pedophilia, 2014
Cases
Case of Rape, Kidnap & Charlatanism, 2018
Cases
Case of Rape & Child Abduction, 2018
Cases

Project Funders

The initial phase of this project was funded by The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (MacArthur Foundation) from 2013 to 2016.

Thanks to the success of the initial phase, IHRDA later obtained funding from National Endowment for Democracy (NED), Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA) and United States Institute of Peace (USIP), which enabled us to include a few other countries.

IHRDA continues sourcing for funding to include more countries and information to the database, as the intention is to cover all countries in Africa.

MacArthur Foundation Logo
NED Logo - National Endowment for Democracy
OSIWA Logo
United States Institute of Peace Logo