In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
The Federal Supreme Court
Criminal Circuit
Before: His Excellency: - Abeer Almahy Abdulrahman –President
Her Excellency: - Insaff Ahmed Mahmoud-Member
His Excellency: - Salah Aldeen Hassan Ahmed - Member
The Trail of Alagib Omer Mohammed
No: m.ein /t j /230/2016 /
0n 29/5/2016 the Juvenile criminal court of Khartoum convicted the accused Alagib Omer Mohammed for
violating Section 45 –B of the Juvenile Act 2010. The court punished the convicted by imprisonment for 20
years to start from the date of his entry to custody recorded to be as from 12/12 /2015 (the date of his entry to
police custody). The court inflicted on the convicted a fine of 1000 (one Thousand Sudanese Pounds) to be
collected under section 198 of the Criminal Procedure Act 1991, through civil proceedings. The court order
in the same decree to refer case papers to the Supreme Court for approval of the judgment pursuant to section
181 of the Criminal Procedure Act after the expiration of the period allowed for appeal.
On 2/6/2016 this decision was quashed by the court of appeal by its decision/a. c. j / 1030 /2016 ordering the
return of the case papers to the court of First Instance to satisfy and comply with direction made on the ruling
of the case. On 12/10/2016, the Court of First Instance acquitted the accused and orders his final release.
On the 26th of October 2016, the compliant Advocate applied before our court requesting the cancellation of
the said decision. The Advocate discussed in his application the facts asserted to be the subject matter of the
compliant as well as the evidence rendered by the prosecution, concluding that the prosecution had
succeeded in proving the fact that the accused had induced the victim and kidnapped her from Nialla without
the knowledge or consent of the victim relatives. The accused defense that he intends to marry the victim is a
false statement delivered in bad faith. The advocate annexed an age estimation certificate showing that the
victim age at that time of kidnapping was 16 years referring to the judicial precedent / m. ein. /t. j /121 /2009
and the chief justice circular No /1/ 2005.
The objection to the Supreme Court is an extraordinary way to re-examine the lower courts criminal
decisions. Article 182 of the Criminal Procedure Act stipulated the definition as well as the conditions of the
decisions that could be subject to such a process. The most important condition is the condition that, the rule
should have been passed by the competent Court of Appeal, based on a wrong point of law, or a mistake in
the law application and interpretation. Where the judgment is not final, in the sense that it’s not subject to
Appeal, or where the time for appeal had not lapsed, the objection could not be acceptable. It's worth saying
that the court of first Instance judgment was issued on 12/10/2016, while this application for objection
against the judgment was filed on the 26/10 /2016. thus, the time to appeal against the said judgment has not
lapsed, hence it could not be considered as final judgment triggering the right for an objection application.
On the other hand, the purpose of the objection Application is to examine the judgment’s conformity to the
law whether as a matter of subjective, or procedural law application. The objection application is not aimed
to examine the facts, check it prove or it’s how about. These points should be accepted as it has come in the
judgment of the court of First Instance. As the applicant is discussing these issues which are not subject to
objection, therefore, I come to quashing this application upon the agreement of my colleagues.

Insaff Ahmed Mahmoud
Supreme Court Magistrate
Abeer Almahy Abdulrahman
Supreme Court Magistrate

Salah Aldeen Hassan Ahmed
Supreme Court Magistrate

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